Avascular necrosis of the femoral head is associated with many conditions which all converge on a single common pathway: collapse of the femoral head and subsequent degenerative joint disease. These conditions include trauma, corticosteroid use, excessive alcohol consumption, systemic lupus erythematosus, sickle cell disease, renal failure or transplant, HIV, coagulopathies, connective tissue diseases, and Gaucher disease. Through mechanical interruption of blood flow, thrombosis/embolism, increased vascular pressure, or venous obstruction, essential blood flow to the femoral head is compromised leading to necrosis and inevitable collapse. Read More
Dr. Thomas Youm is a Board-Certified Orthopaedic Surgeon who specializes in the treatment of athletic injuries and performs arthroscopic and reconstructive surgery of the shoulder, knee, and hip. He has a special interest in joint preservation surgery for the active patient.
Nonsurgical treatment involves the use of anti-inflammatory medications to relieve pain, blood thinning agents to reduce blood clots affecting blood flow, and cholesterol lowering agents to reduce fat deposition.